Hampshire County, (West) Virginia Arnolds

Our Daniel was born in Virginia in about 1812.
His wife, whose maiden name was also Arnold, was born in Allegany County, Maryland in 1823.
Hampshire County shares a border with Allegany County.
There were several Daniels in Hampshire County, so it was worth a closer look.
But I haven’t managed to place our Daniel there for sure.

What I did find was a family of German Arnolds who were Dunkers (the Dunker Church became the Church of the Brethren). There are two books with a great deal of information about the Dunker Arnolds:
Allegheny Passage : churches and families, West Marva District Church of the Brethren, 1752-1990 by Emmert F. Bittinger [Camden, ME : Penobscot Press, 1990}
and
The German Baptist Arnolds by Lester H. Binnie. [North Manchester, Ind. : L.H. Binnie, 1990].
These books are my main guides, fleshed out with whatever documentation I have managed to find in the library and online.
The Hampshire County Dunkers were grandchildren of the immigrant Johan Georg Arnold. For more on the immigrant John George and his sons, see my page The Dunker Arnolds . . . . For the ones that moved to Hampshire County, see Hampshire Dunker Arnolds, below.

There was also a family of English Arnolds in Hampshire County. It is unlikely that my Daniel belonged to that group (Daniel is a common name among the Dunker Arnolds, and pretty much missing among the English) - but since the information was already collected, I have included it here under The English Arnolds.

And there is also some information about some random Arnolds, whose connection to these two groups is not known (by me at least.)

Oh, one other nice confusion. The Hampshire Arnolds started out in Frederick County, Maryland. Hampshire County, Virginia was formed in 1753 from Frederick County, Virginia, so there are records there also (particularly for the English Arnolds).

The Hampshire County Dunker Arnolds
Family tradition? says that the Arnolds moved to Hampshire County in about 1785, but that might not be quite accurate. There were a couple of Arnolds in the county (or what would be the county - it was created in 1789) earlier: Jonathan Arnold received a grant of 400 acres in 1762, and Andrew Arnold another 400 acres in 1764, both of them on the North River. I think they were part of the English Arnold family. Still other Arnolds are on the State of Virginia Enumerations for 1782 and 1784, and on the personal property tax lists from 1782 onward. Zachariah and Samuel first show up on the personal property lists in 1794, and Daniel not until 1796. According to the notes in Gregory Sweitzer’s Rootsweb file, Samuel first purchased land in Hampshire Co in 1792:

Samuel Arnold's first land purchase was on Jan 14, 1792 when he bought 150 acres, described as being on Mill Creek, from Richard Relfe. The purchaser was described as being from Frederick County [MD]. However, in his second purchase, Arnold obtained an additional 408 acres on Mill Creek from John Relfe on April 16, 1792 In this land record, he is described as being of Hampshire County.
(Zachariah and Daniel made their first land purchases in 1799 and 1798 respectively.)

I suspect they made their move not long after their father’s estate was settled. The will was written 25 Aug 1785, but not recorded until 16 Oct 1790; it directed that his estate should be sold and the proceeds divided equally among his children (except for his son John, who had already received the land in Greene Co, PA). Zachariah and Samuel are on the 1790 census for Frederick County, MD; Daniel is not. Here is the information I have gathered. It is not all the information available - sometimes there is a lot of info about sisters and cousins, but then I would remind myself that I was looking for MY ancestor and stop - so it’s spotty.

Samuel
     1765 Feb 9 - born (Sweitzer)
     1788 - m Mary (Mollie) Ludwick (U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 - ancestry database)                        15 Apr 1788 (Donna Dearborn)
     1789 - daughter born (Susan b ~1789)
     1790 census - in Frederick Co, MD (next to brother Zachariah)
                1790 MD Frederick p. 245 Samuel 10200
                         1m over 16 - b bef 1774 - Samuel b 1865
                          2f - wife Mollie b 1771, daughter - Susan?
     1792 - purchased property in Hampshire Co, VA
     1794 June 26 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel Arnholt
     1795 Apr 16 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel Arnholt
     1798 May 10 - - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel Arnholt
The columns for 1800-14 are white titheables / common horses / slaves over 12 - which is strange, because I thought Dunkers didn’t believe in slavery - I actually believe the column headings should be reversed
     1800 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (GW Price) - Samuel Arnold 1 - 2
     1801 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (George Price) - Sam’l 1 - 2
     1802 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Slane) - Samuel 1 - 3
     1803 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Collins) - Samuel 1 - 3
     1804 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Sam’l 1 - 3
     1805 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Sam’l 1 - 3
     1806 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (James Gibson) - Arnold, Samuel 1 - 4
     1807 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Samuel 1 - 5
     1808 - no records this year
     1809 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Sam’l 2 - 7
     1810 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Sam’l 2 - 7
     1810 census - Hampshire Co VA p. 803 Samuel 01101 62010
                  6 f under 10      b 1800-10      Magdalena, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Lydia, Nancy, Molly
                  1 m, 2f 10-16    b 1794-00      William 1799?, Christina, Katherine
                  1m 16-26          b 1784-94      John?
                  1f 26-45            b 1765-84      wife Mollie b 1771
                  1m over 45        b bef 1765     Samuel b 1765
     1811 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel 2 - 7
     1812 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel 2 - 6
     1813 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (John Pierce) - Samuel 3 - 5
     1814 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Samuel 2 - 4
     1820 census - Hampshire Co, VA p. 217 Samuel 000011 22201
                    2f under 10      b 1810-20      Molly, Hannah
                    2f 10-16           b 1804-10      Lydia, Nancy
                    2f 16-26           b 1794-1804  Elizabeth, Rebecca
                    1m 26-45           b 1775-94    John 1790? William 1799?
                    1m, 1f over 45   b bef 1775    Samuel 1765, Mollie 1771
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA p. 5 Samuel 000000001 00011001
                    1f 15-20 b 1815-20
                    1f 20-30 b 1800-10
                    1f 50-60 b 1770-80     Mollie 1771
                    1m 60-70 b 1760-70   Samuel 1765
     1831 Mar 31 - died in a freak accident (young horses ran away with his buggy)
     1851 - wife Mollie died (17 July)

Children of Samuel and Mollie
According to Allegheny Passage, Samuel & Mollie had 12 children, and Binnie agrees - although he does clear up one mistake (probably a typo) Bittinger made [Bittinger lists Lydia twice]. Some online GedComs give him a son William b 1799 - THIS IS WRONG. That William who is not securely attached to anyone by either Bittinger or Binnie (and who is quite probably our Margaret's father) is has recently been firmly connected to the Moses batch of Arnolds. One of his sons and some grandsons were major ministers and elders of the Dunker church, so it is easy to see why the connection was made, but the Moses Arnolds claim to be English, Irish and Dutch.
There is one possibility for the father of our Daniel - John, who supposedly died young, but actually did not - not much information online about him.
1. Susan - b~1789 - m Nicholas Biser
                  d 27 Sep 1878 Hampshire WV
                  ch Samuel, Elizabeth, Magdalene, John, Susan, Jacob, Daniel, Nicholas, Peter
      1810 Va Hampshire p. 762 Nicholas Bizer 10100 10100
      1820 Va Hampshire p. 272 Nicholas Bizer 220111 31711
      1830 Va Hampshire p. 164 Nicholas Biser 02121001 0011201
      1850 Va Hampshire p. 254 - Nicholas Bizer (indexed Bezer) 66 / Susan 58 / Magdalena 38 /                  John 36 / Daniel 34 / Susan 32 / Jacob 30 / Peter 22
      1860 Va Hampshire Sheetz’s Mill p. 218 (41)
                2-2 Nicholas Bizer 72 / Susan 69 / Peter 33 / Susan 40 // Lucinda Daugherty 10
2. Katherine b 1792 - m John Long
               (another source says her dates are: 23 Mar 1791 - 17 Nov 1876 in Rockingham,VA)
               ch: Molly, Catherine, John B, Samuel Arnold, Benjamin
      1850 VA Rockingham p. 10 b (this is not indexed in ancestry - it is the first or second page in Rockingham County)
            121-124 John Long 64 MD / Catherine 58 MD
                              Benjamin 17 / Catherine Lineweaver 15
            122-125 Samuel Long 22 / Maria 20 / Hannah 2/12 // Barbara A Grimesly 18
            124-127 Jacob B Long 24 / Eliza R 24 / Sarah F 1 / William 10/12
                          Gaspar Thomason 16 laborer / Sarah Grimesly 12
         (Previous page)
            116-119 John Long 43 / Mary 36 / John F 17 / Rebecca J 15 / Benjamin F 11
                              Andrew H 7 / Elizabeth F 3 // John F Carracale 23
      1860 Va Rockingham Dist 1 742
                 2912 - 2853 Benj E Long 27 / Elizabeth 21 / John Long sen 74
3. John b 1794 - d 29 Jan 1851 - a 56-1-29
Possible as the father of my Daniel, since he was in Virginia at the appropriate time, and he possibly had 2 sons born before 1820. I need to find his will . . .
Bittinger says he died young, but Binnie found his will in Somerset Co, PA - written 2 Feb 1850, probate 5 Feb 1851
in it he mentions "friend and first cousin of my deceased wife, John Kelso of Hampshire Co, VA" and "my beloved brother-in-law and sister John and Elizabeth Ogg of Allegheny Co, Md" 9 (Binnie p. 25)
     1820 census Hampshire
              p. 218 John 200100 00100 This one, I think, is the son of Zachariah
              p. 230 John 300010 11010 This one, I think, is the Baptist minister (m Roseanna)
              p. 266 John 220010 10311 - I have NO idea who this is, but it seems to be waaaay too many people for John s/o Samuel - and I do think John is with Samuel on this census.
                      2m, 1f 0-10 1810-20
                      2m 10-16 1804-10
                      1m, 3f 16-26 1794-1804
                      1f 26-45 1775-94
                      1f 45+ bef 1775
     1822 Land Grant - Arnold, John (son of Samuel) 139 ½ Mill Run
     1830 census Hampshire p. 4 - John 001001 01001
                   1f 5-10 1820-25 Female a
                   1m 10-15 1815-20 Male A
                   1f 20-30 1800-10 wife
                   1m 30-40 1790-1800 John 1794
     1840 PA Somerset Elk Lick 42 - John Arnold 0100001 000001
                   1m 5-10 1830-35 Male B
                   1f 30-40 1800-10 wife
                   1m 40-50 1790-1800 John 1794
     1850 Pa Somerset Elk Lick p. 294
             168-172 Jenkins Griffith 27 / Emily 23
                           Mary Hartman 4 / Daniel 2 / Mary 20 - all b PA
                          John Arnold 63 Va
     1851 Jan 29 - died
4. Magdalena b ~Nov 1796 - 1884
            [16 Nov 1796 - 16 Sep 1883 in Elgon, Preston Co.,WV]
            m 12 Mar 1818 Peter Fike
           ch: Susanna, David, Lydia, Christina, Mary, Anna, Magdalena, Moses, Aaron, Samuel                   (source John Gilmore)
There is a Peter Fike in Preston Co, Va from 1820 on - but since the one in 1850 is not this one, I can’t be sure about the earlier ones
     1830 MD Allegany Dist 3 p. 18 - Peter Fike - 020111 301001
     1850 PA Somerset Salt Lick 459
                85-85 Peter Fike 60 / Magdalena 59 / Anna 16 / Magdalena 14 / Moses 12 / Aaron 10
                            Adam Failty 61 insane
     1860 VA Preston Dist 4 - 143
              968-962 Peter Ficke 65 PA / Magdalena 63 VA
                     963 Aaron Ficke 20 Pa / Rebecca S 19 Pa / Paulina Hays 17 Pa
     1870 Va Preston Union 225
              192-192 Fike, Peter 76 cooper PA / Magdalena 72 Va
     1880 WV Preston Union SD1 Ed60 sh 30b
              229-247 Spiker, Henry 56 Pa Pa Pa / Lydia 53 Pa Pa Va / Peter 16 WV Pa Pa
                            Devoes, Martha 11 adopted Wv Va Pa
                            Fike, Magdalina 84 Va Md US
5. Rebecca - b~1797 - d 8 Oct 1842 - m John Leatherman
          stayed on home farm
          ch Benjamin
There are many many John Leathermans out there and I can’t tell them apart
6. Elizabeth - b ~1800 - m John Ogg
     1830 MD Allegany forgot page # - John Ogg 100011 200001
     1840 MD Allegany Little Crossings 90 - John Ogg 011002 110201
     1850 - not found - there is an Elizabeth Ogg in Carroll Co, MD, but she is married to George -                     and they continue in the census after our Elizabeth is in MN
     1860 Mn Fillmore Bristol 221 (65)
               521-500 Jas Ogg 30 Md / Susan 30 . . .
               522-501 Jno Ogg 60 Md / Elizabeth 62 Md
                              Barbary Mercer 38 Md / Nathaniel Ogg 26 Md
     1870 MN Fillmore Bristol 92
               37-40 Ogg, Joseph 45 Va . . .
               39-42 Ogg, Nathaniel 38 Md / Emily 26 Pa / Frank 6 / Eli 4 / Rachel 2 / Lizzie 10/12
                             Elizabeth 69 Md
     1880 MN Fillmore Bristol SD1 Ed80 p. 3
               15-17 Ogg, Martin 28 farmer MD . . .
               19-21 Ogg, Nathaniel 48 Md Pa Va / Emily 36 Pa Pa Pa
                                  Frank 15 / Eli 13 / Jane 11 / Lizzie 10 / John 5 / Anna 3 - all b MN
                                  Elizabeth 79 mother rheumatism Va Md Md
               20-22 Ogg, Joseph 53 farmer & preacher Md Md Md . . .
               21-23 Miller, Abram 35 ? 65? Pa Pa Pa / Sarah 63 wife Va Va Pa
                              Arnold, Catherine 85 neuralgia Pa Pa Pa
7. Hannah 1802 - m Jacob Biser
                   d. 17 Nov 1883
                   ch: Frederick, Solomon, David, Margaret
     1830 Va Hampshire p. 9 - Jacob Bizer 21001 00001
     1840 Va Hampshire p. 201 - Jacob Bizer 0012001 010001
     1850 Va Hampshire p. 201
              845 - 845 - Jacob Bizer 52 / Hannah 48
                              Frederick 28 / Solomon 25 / David 22 / Margaret 17 / Dennis 20 / Sarah 2
     1860 Va Hampshire Western p. 191 (179)
               1-1 Frederick Biser 38 / Margaret A 26 . . .
                     Hannah 57 / Margaret 27
               2-2 David Bizer . . .
               3-3 Catherine Arnold 63 PA
                         Sarah 35 / James 34 / Zachariah 26 / Susan 19
                         Tabitha F 5 / Charles E 3 / Arthur P J 1 - all b VA
     1870 WV Mineral Mill Creek p. 6
               37-37 Biser, Frederick 47 . . .
                   -38 Biser, Hannah 66 / Margaret 36
     1880 WV Hampshire Mill Creek SD1 ED25 sheet 11
              93-95 Biser, Frederick 57 . . .
              93-96 Biser, Hannah 78 / Margaret 47
8.Nancy b 12 Apr 1805 - d 29 Feb 1868 Augusta VA- m 10 Mar 1823 Jacob Garber
          ch: Rebekah, Abraham D, Levi, Reuben Arnold, Jacob
          on the 1850 census for Augusta County, Dist 2 ½ p. 349
9.Lydia b 6 Nov 1808 - d 18 May 1899 - m George High
The Highs were one of the core families of Pine Church (Dunkers). [Bittinger]
      1840 Va Hampshire p 188 - George High of Henry 110101 100001
      1850 Va Hampshire p. 202
               852-852 - George High of H 46 / Lydia 42 / Samuel 16 / Margaret 14 /
                               William 11 / Fred. 8 / Andrew J 4 / Emily 3
      1860 VA Hampshire West. Dist
                11-11 - George High 59 / Lydia - / William H 21 / John F 18 / Andrew J 14
                                  Emily 12 / Susan E 8
10. Molly - m John Fleming
Apparently John was one of the Mill Creek Dunkers. Son James became a leader and minister at Pine and White Pine churches.
                   ch: James
       there are a lot of John Flemings out there, a lot of them married to a Mary
       there is one in Hampshire Co in 1850 - wife Mary is 36 - ie born 1814
              children Joseph, Samuel, Nancy, Harriet, David

11. Christina - b~1792 - m David Livingood (Livengood)
            b 12 Jul 1810 - 6 Jul 1849 (Family Hart)
            b~1788 (John Gilmore)
                Jim Henderson says they moved to Fayette Co, PA
                ch: Lydia, Barbara, Susanna, John, Samuel, Anna, Catherine, Elizabeth
         On the 1850 census for Fayette Co, PA (Tyrone, p. 434) - age 40 - husband’s name Daniel
12. Jacob (Donna Dearborn)(Jim Henderson) - m 1 Sarah Wine 2 Sarah Ogg
            ch: Catherine, Samuel, Barbara, Mary, Susanna, William, Lydia, James, Abram
     1814 Hampshire Co tax list (John Pierce) Jacob Arnold 1 - 1
     1820 Hampshire p. 254 Jacob 100010 10100 (next to Daniel’s son Emanuel)
     1828 - died
               Jacob Arnold will - 14 Jan 1828 - 18 Feb 1828
                   wife Sarah
                   sister Elizabeth Ogg
              children to first wife Samuel, Barbary Arnold
              all children - Samuel, Barbara, Mary, Susanna, Catherine, William, Lydia (evidently 12y)
                  ex John Sloan
                  sec Richard Sloan
                  wit John Vance, William Welch, Daniel Arnold

Zachariah
     1766 Oct 5 - born (Lucore)
     1767 Dec 5 - born (Sweitzer)
     1788 - married Abigail Miller (U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 - ancestry database)
     1790 census - in Frederick Co, MD (next to brother Samuel)
             1790 MD Frederick p. 245 Zachariah 11100
     1794 June 26 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah Arnholt
     1795 Apr 16 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah Arnholt
     1798 May 10 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah Arnholt
     1799 - bought land from brother Samuel
                    stone mason by trade
The columns for 1800-14 are white titheables / common horses / slaves over 12 - which is strange, because I thought Dunkers didn’t believe in slavery
     1800 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (GW Price) - Arnold, Zachariah 1 - 4
     1801 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (George Price) - Zachariah 1 - 3
     1802 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Slane) -Arnold, Zachariah 1 - 3
     1803 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Collins) - Zachariah 1 - 2
     1804 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah 1 - 3
     1805 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah 1 - 4
     1806 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (James Gibson) - not on list
     1807 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah 1 - 6
     1808 - no records this year
     1809 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zach ‘ a 2 - 7
     1810 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zach ‘ a 2 - 7
     1810 census - Hampshire Co, VA p. 803 Zachariah 42210 21010 (next to brother Samuel)
                2m, 2f under 10      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                                   Margaret 1800, Hannah 1803
               2m, 1f 10-16            1794-00      Joseph 1799, Peter 1795, David 1797,
                                                                   Elizabeth 1793
               2m 16-26                 1784-94       John A 1790, Daniel 1792
               1m, 1f 26-45             1765-84      Zachariah 1766/7, Abigail 1770
     1811 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (James Gibson) - Arnold, Zachariah 2 - 9
     1812 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Zachariah 2 - 8
     1813 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (John Pierce) - Zachariah 4 - 7
     1814 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Zachariah 4 - 7
     1820 census - Hampshire Co, Va p. 217 Zachariah 021401 02001 (ditto)
                2m, 2f 10-16       1804-10      Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                              Margaret 1800, Hannah 1803
                1m 16-18            1802-04      Samuel 1802
                4m 16-26            1794-1804   Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                               Joseph 1799, Peter 1795, David 1797
               1m, 1f over 45      bef 1775     Zachariah 1766/7, Abigail 1770
     1822 received a land grant of 3 acres on Mill Creek
     1829 Jan 5 - died

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, Zachariah, was born on 5 Dec 1767 and died on 5 June 1829 at Beaver Run, Hampshire County. His parents were Samuel and Abigail Arnold (German Baptist Brethren) who came to Hampshire County in 1784-5 from Frederick County, MD. Zachariah Arnold’s wife was Abigail Miller, born on 8 Jan 1776 and died on 24 Oct 1850. Note: This German branch of the Arnold family was not the same as the Arnold branch which settled at Capon Bridge circa 1740. Dr. Emmert Bittinger, professor at Bridgewater College (Va) has collected extensive data on the “Beaver Run” Arnolds

wife Abigail -
1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
1840 Hampshire p. 193 - Samuel Zachariah 1000021 1100200001
I think this actually means Samuel AND Zachariah
          1m, 1f under 5      1835-40          S’s dau Eliza, Z’s son Daniel, both 1838
           1f 5-10                 1830-35          Z’s dau Harriet 1833
           2f 20-30               1810-20          Sam’s wife Nancy 1816, Z’s wife Elizabeth 1812
           2m 30-40             1800-10          Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805
           1m 40-50             1790-1800      Peter 1795
           1f 70-80               1760-70          mother Abigail 1770?
1850 Va Hampshire 933 - Zachariah Arnold 45 farmer Va 6K
               Elizabeth 38
               Harriet 17 / Daniel 12 / Mary J 7 / John 3
              Abigail 81 / Peter 55

Children of Zachariah and Abigail
Zachariah and Abigail seem to have had 11 children, 8 boys and 3 girls. Very few of them are included on published gedcoms on Rootsweb, so I have had to do some speculating of my own. These are my guesses. There are a couple of possibilities for the father of my Daniel, but they are not terribly likely.
1. John A - ~1790 - 1854
Vaguely possible as my Daniel's father, but he is assigned children in online gedcoms, which do not include a Daniel - and the children named do seem to fit the censuses quite nicely.
          m Catherine Buckley
          ch James, Nathaniel, Sarah, Zachariah, Magdalina, Susannah, David, Peter, Abba (I assume that’s Abagail)
     1820 census Hampshire p. 218 John 200100 00100
                 2m 0-10               1810-20       David?, Peter?
                 1m, 1f 16-26        1794-1804    John ~1790, Catherine 1796
           p. 266 John 220010 10311
                  2m, 1f 0-10 1810-20
                  2m 10-16 1804-10
                  1m, 3f 16-26 1794-1804
                  1f 26-45 1775-94
                  1f 45+ bef 1775
     1827 Land Grant Arnold, John (of Zachariah) 43 Mill Creek
     1830 Va Hampshire p. 4 - John 3100001 200001 = 40-50 b 1780-90
                  3m, 2f 0-5      1825-30      Nathaniel 1830, David?, Peter?
                                                           Sarah 1823?, Abigail?
                  1m 5-10         1820-25      James 1827
                  1f 30-40         1790-1800 Catherine
                  1m 40-50       1780-1790 John
     1840 Hampshire p. 201 - John Arnold of Zach 01201001 1111001
                 1f 0-5             1835-40 Magdalina 1839
                 1m, 1f 5-10    1830-35 Zachariah 1834, Susannah 1832
                 2m, 1f 10-15  1825-30 James 1827, Nathaniel 1830
                 1f 15-20         1820-25 Sarah 1823
                 1m 20-30       1810-20
                 1f 40-50         1790-1800 Catherine 1796
                 1m 50-60       1780-90 John ~1790
     1850 Hampshire Co, p. 201 -
             846-846 - John Arnold 60 farmer VA 3K / Catherine 54
                                 James 23 / Nathaniel 20 / Sarah 27
              (next page) Zachariah Arnold 16 / Magdalina 11
                   CP Wolford 25 carpenter / Susanna 18.
     1854 Aug 20 - died

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, John, son of Zachariah and Catherine or Abigail (Miller) Arnold, died on 20 Aug 1854 aged 64. His wife was Catherine Buckly. Source: Death record in Virginia State Archives.

2. Daniel - 1792 June 30 - 1864 July 11 (mentioned on several Rootsweb files)
Vaguely possible as the father of my Daniel, but the children listed seem to fit the censuses quite nicely.
              m Catherine Hershberger 3 Sep 1816 in Rockingham Co, Va
                      ch Samuel, Joseph, Elizabeth, Henry H, Abigail - b Rockingham Co Va
              moved to Ohio - died in Wayne Twp, Montgomery Co, OH
     1820 Va Rockingham 120 (326) Daniel Arnold 200010 00100
     1830 Va Rockingham 187 - Daniel Arnold 22001 221101
     1840 OH Montgomery 137 - Daniel 0010101 0002001
                        same page David Arnold 1000110001 100010001 ??
     1850 Ohio, Montgomery, Wayne 108
                 1485 Henry Arnold 23 Pa . . .
                 1486 Daniel Arnold 58 VA / Catherine 55 Va
                 1487 Joseph Arnold 31 Va . . .
     1860 Ohio Montgomery Wayne 272
                125-122 - Joseph Arnold . . .
                126-123 H H Arnold 33 OH . . .
                              Danl 69 ret’d farmer Va
     1864 July 11 - died
3. Elizabeth - 1793 Dec 20 - 1859 Mar 2 (mentioned on several Rootsweb files)
               m Samuel Miller ~1827
                     ch Abigail, Samuel, Michael, Jacob B
4.Peter - 1795 Sept 17 - 1875 Oct 21 - never married
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
     1840 Hampshire p. 193 - Samuel Zachariah 1000021 1100200001
     I think this actually means Samuel AND Zachariah
          1m, 1f under 5      1835-40          S’s dau Eliza, Z’s son Daniel, both 1838
           1f 5-10                 1830-35          Z’s dau Harriet 1833
           2f 20-30               1810-20          Sam’s wife Nancy 1816, Z’s wife Elizabeth 1812
           2m 30-40             1800-10          Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805
           1m 40-50             1790-1800      Peter 1795
           1f 70-80               1760-70          mother Abigail 1770?
     1850 Va Hampshire 933 - Zachariah Arnold 45 farmer Va 6K
               Elizabeth 38
               Harriet 17 / Daniel 12 / Mary J 7 / John 3
              Abigail 81 / Peter 55
     1860 Va Hampshire 188
          3-3 Zachariah Arnold 55 / Elizabeth 48 / Mary 17 / John W 13
                    Isaac 7 / Daniel 22 / Sarah 27
          4-4 Peter Arnold 62
                Isaac Ludwick 27 / Harriet 27 / Catherine 2 / Simon P 1
     1870 WVa Mineral Mill Creek 621
            Zachariah Arnold 63 / Elisabeth 58 / John W 22
            Harriet Ludwick 36 / Elisabeth C Ludwick 11
            Peter Arnold 74
     1875 Oct 21- died

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, Peter, died at the home of Zachariah and Elizabeth (Arnold) Arnold, II, on 23 Oct 1875. He was 80 years, 1 month and 3 days old (born 20 Sep 1795), Peter was an unmarried son of Zachariah and Abigail (Miller) Arnold. Source: South Branch Intelligencer, Nov 1, 1875 issue.

5. David - 1797 Aug 4 - d 1855
Vaguely possible as the father of my Daniel, but we are pushing the age limits here since my Daniel was born ~1812.
               m Mary Sloan (~1827)
     1830 Maryland, Allegany, NT p. 40 - David Arnold 100011 11011
                 1m, 1f under 5      1825-30 Richard 1827, unknown female d
                 1f 5-10                  1820-30 [Sarah V 1825?]
                 1f 15-20                1810-15 unknown female c
                 1m, 1f 20-30         1800-10 unknown male A, Mary 1801
                 1m 30-40              1790-1800 David 1797
     1840 Maryland, Allegany, Dist 6, p. 35 - David 0110201 211111
                 2f 0-5                    1835-40 Abigail 1836, Mary 1839
                 1m, 1f 5-10           1830-35 John 1831, Charlotte 1834
                 1m, 1f 10-15         1825-30 Richard 1827, d
                 1f 15-20                1820-25 [Sarah V 1825 m Wm Neap?]
                 2m, 1f 20-30         1810-20 unknown males A, B, unknown female c
                 1f 30-40                1800-10 Mary 1801
                 1m 40-50              1790-1800 David 1797
     1848 Land Grant to David Arnold - 45 a South Br Mt 1848 7 239
             - I am not sure where this is, or if it belongs to this David
     1850 Va Hampshire p. 188
               651-651 - David Arnold 53 farmer 16K / Mary 49
                               Richard 23 / John 19 / Charlotte 16 / Abigail 14 / Mary 11 - all b MD
                               George 7 / Davis 5 - both b VA
                                   Emanuel Bird? Laborer 26 Va //
                                  William Neap 30 laborer Va / Sarah V 25 MD / David 1 MD
     1853 Two Land Grants to David Arnold - 49 a Break Neck Mt 1853 7 354
                                                              - 4 3/8 Lit. Cacapon 1853 7 353
              - I am not sure where these are, or if they belongs to this David
     1855 - died
     1860 Va Hampshire, W Dist p. 5 (268)
               6-6 Mary Arnold 61 VA / Charlotte 25 MD / Mary 20 MD / George 17 Va
                             David 14 Va // Henry Bird 23 lab Va
     1870 WV Hampshire Springfield p. 544 (24)
                169-169 Arnold, Mary 69 VA / Charlotte 34 MD / George S 26 VA
                              Henry Ward 20 black MD
6. Joseph 1799 Feb 3
             m 1827 Jan 20 Elizabeth Sloan or Slane
                         Arnold, Joseph - Elizabeth Sloan d/o Richard bonds - 20 Jan 1827
                         ch Zachariah, Thomas, Richard, George, Ann, Peter
     1830 Hampshire p. 4 - Joseph 20001 00101
     1836 Land Grant to Joseph Arnold - 84 a on Patterson’s Creek
     1840 Hampshire p. 195 - Joseph 2120101 101001
     1843 Land Grant to Joseph Arnold - 221 acres on Mike’s Run
     1850 Hampshire p. 208
                 931-931 - Joseph Arnold 57 farmer Va 10K / Elizabeth 44
                                  Zachariah 22/ Thomas 21 / Richard 19 / George 13 / Ann 11/ Peter 9
     1854 Land Grant to Joseph Arnold - 127 3/4 a on Patterson’s Creek
     1860 Va Hampshire172 -
                 3-3 Joseph Arnold 62 / Elizabeth 55 / Richard 29 / George 24 / Peter 19
     1870 WVa Hampshire Welton 244
                77-79 Arnold, Peter 30 Va / Martha A 27 Va
                78-80 Joseph Arnold 71 / Elisabeth 64 / George 33
                               Frances J 25 / Ida M 6/12
                            Mary Ebert 18
     1878 Oct 13 - died

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, the Rev Joseph, aged 78 years, died on 13 Oct 1878 in Mineral County, W Va, according to the 18 Oct 1878 issue of the South Branch Intelligencer. He was born on 3 Feb 1799 to Zachariah and Abigail (Miller) Arnold. Joseph married Elizabeth Sloan on 25 Jan 1827. She was born on 25 Nov 1805 and died in 1880. They lived on Patterson’s Creek

6. Margaret - 1800 Oct 3 - 1878 Nov 18 (mentioned on several Rootsweb files)
               m 1821 Apr 10 Michael Keagy/Beeghly of Somerset Co, PA
                      ch Josiah, Mary Ann, Elizabeth (all b PA), Emanuel (1827), Lydia, Daniel, Sarah,
                            Margaret (Garrett Co MD)
7. Zachariah ~1805
             m Elizabeth Arnold, d/o Daniel and Elizabeth Thomas Arnold
                     ch Harriet, Daniel, Mary J, John
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
     1840 Hampshire p. 193 - Samuel Zachariah 1000021 1100200001
          I think this actually means Samuel AND Zachariah
          1m, 1f under 5      1835-40          S’s dau Eliza, Z’s son Daniel, both 1838
           1f 5-10                 1830-35          Z’s dau Harriet 1833
           2f 20-30               1810-20          Sam’s wife Nancy 1816, Z’s wife Elizabeth 1812
           2m 30-40             1800-10          Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805
           1m 40-50             1790-1800      Peter 1795
           1f 70-80               1760-70          mother Abigail 1770?
     1850 Va Hampshire 933 - Zachariah Arnold 45 farmer Va 6K
               Elizabeth 38
               Harriet 17 / Daniel 12 / Mary J 7 / John 3
              Abigail 81 / Peter 55
     1860 Va Hampshire 188
          3-3 Zachariah Arnold 55 / Elizabeth 48 / Mary 17 / John W 13
                    Isaac 7 / Daniel 22 / Sarah 27
          4-4 Peter Arnold 62
                Isaac Ludwick 27 / Harriet 27 / Catherine 2 / Simon P 1
     1870 WVa Mineral Mill Creek 621
            Zachariah Arnold 63 / Elisabeth 58 / John W 22
            Harriet Ludwick 36 / Elisabeth C Ludwick 11
            Peter Arnold 74
     1880 WV Hampshire Mill Creek SD1 ED28 sh 14b
              118-122 Arnold, Zachariah 75 Va Md MD / Elizabeth 68 Va Md Md
              118-123 Arnold, William 33 / Harriet wife 27 - both Va Va Va
                             Cheshire, Joseph 22 works on farm
     1887 Nov 26 - Zachariah died
     1893 Nov 28 - wife Elizabeth died

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, Zachariah jr, son of Zachariah and Abigail (Miller) Arnold sr, was born on 3 March 1805 and died on 26 Nov 1887. he married Elizabeth Arnold, daughter of Daniel and Elizabeth (Thomas) Arnold. Elizabeth was born on 3 Sep 1812 and died on 28 Nov 1893

8. Benjamin ~1807 ??? b 24 Aug 1804 (Bittinger)
           m (1) Margaret Arnold
               (2) Hester Shears
                  ch Michael, Daniel, Taylor
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
     1840 Hampshire p. 200 Benjamin 000001 10011
               (Same page as (uncle?) Daniel, Sarah, and Solomon)
     1850 Va Hampshire 936 - Benjamin Arnold 43 farmer Va 4K
                                                    Margaret 36
                                                    Michael 10 / Daniel 7 / Taylor 1
                                                    Louisa M Davis 16
     1860 Va Hampshire 192
                     1-1 Benjamin Arnold 53 /
                               Hester A 28 / Michael 20 / Daniel 17 / Taylor 11 / George S 7 / Laura A 4
9. Samuel ~1809 (has a son Zachariah) - b 20 Dec 1802 (Bittinger)
             m Nancy Parker
                     Samuel - Parker, Nancy [20 Jan 1838] (issue date of S. Branch Int.)
              ch Eliza, Margaret, Joseph, John, Zachariah
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
     1840 Hampshire p. 193 - Samuel Zachariah 1000021 1100200001
            I think this actually means Samuel AND Zachariah
          1m, 1f under 5      1835-40          S’s dau Eliza, Z’s son Daniel, both 1838
           1f 5-10                 1830-35          Z’s dau Harriet 1833
           2f 20-30               1810-20          Sam’s wife Nancy 1816, Z’s wife Elizabeth 1812
           2m 30-40             1800-10          Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805
           1m 40-50             1790-1800      Peter 1795
           1f 70-80               1760-70          mother Abigail 1770?1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA,
     1845 - grant for 19 acres on New Creek Mt
     1848 - grant for 19 ½ acres on New Creek
     1850 Va Hampshire p. 210
                956-956 - Samuel Arnold 41 farmer 8K / Nancy 34
                                    Eliza 12 / Margaret 8 / Joseph 6 / John 4 / Zachariah 2
                                 Margaret Parker 25 / Joseph Parker 23
     1860 Va Hampshire 207
                 1-1 Samuel Arnold 52 / Nancy 44
                          Joseph 17 / John 15 / Zachariah J 13 / Mary E 9 / Harriet 7
                          James W 4 / Edgar I 2 / Sarah G 19 domestic
     1870 WV Mineral New Creek 630
                121-121 Arnold, Samuel 67 / Nancy 54
                                   John P 24 / Zachariah 22 / Harriet 16 / James W 13 / Edgar J 11
                                   John J Garritt
10 - daughter b 1804-10
Hannah reported as 1803-1810 however a rough stone in Arnold Cemetery, adjacent to Abagail,
appears to read HA dec Jan 18, 1816 age 6y and 20d

Daniel
     ~1768 - born (Lehman family file says June 1767)
       1792 Sep 18 m Elizabeth Thomas (1774-1820)
       1796 Apr 23 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co
              - one page has a Daniel Arnut, another Daniel Arnold - I am not sure if there were two people or not.
      1798 Apr 13 - bought 270 acres from father-in- law Samuel Thomas
      1798 May 10 - personal property tax list, Hampshire Co - Arnholt, Daniel
The columns for 1800-14 are white titheables / common horses / slaves over 12 - which is strange, because I thought Dunkers didn’t believe in slavery
      1800 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (GW Price) - not listed this year
      1801 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (George Price) - Dan’l 1 - 2
      1802 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Slane) - Daniel 1 - 4
      1803 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (Daniel Collins) - Arnold, Daniel 1 - 3
      1804 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Daniel 1 - 4
      1805 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Dan’l 1 - 4
      1806 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (James Gibson) - Daniel 1 - 5
      1807 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - not listed this year
      1808 - no records this year
      1809 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Dan’l 1 - 3
      1810 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Dan’l 1 - 3
      1810 census - Hampshire Co p. 762 Daniel 33010 30110
                     3m, 3f under 10      1800-10    Solomon 1801, Michael 1804, John 1809
                                                                     Lydia 1806, Catherine 1803, Anna 1799
                     3m 10-16                1794-00    Samuel 1794, Emanuel 1796, Daniel 1798
                     1f 16-26                  1784-94    Christina 1793
                     1m, 1f 26-45           1765-84    Daniel 1768, Elizabeth 1774
     1811 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (James Gibson) - not listed this year
     1812 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Dan’l 2 - 5
     1813 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA (John Pierce) - Arnold, Daniel 2 - 5
     1814 personal property tax list, Hampshire Co, VA - Arnold, Daniel 2 - 6
     1820 July 5 wife Elizabeth Thomas died
     1820 census - Hampshire Co p. 272 Daniel 011201 32100
                   3f under 10       1810-20           Elizabeth 1812, Margaret 1814, Susanna 1816
                   1m, 2f 10-16     1804-10           John 1809, Magdalena 1810, Lydia 1806
                   2m 16-18          1802-04           Michael 1804, Solomon 1801
                   1f 16-16            1794-1804       Catharine 1803
                   1m over 45        bef 1775          Daniel 1768
              missing Christina 1793 m Abraham Miller, Samuel 1794, Anna 1799
                 1820 p. 272 (squeezed in) -another Daniel 000100 00100
                          p. 254 Emanuel 100100 00100
     1822 Apr 16 - m Elizabeth Wine (1781-1873)
                 1822 Apr 16 - Arnold, Daniel - Wise, Elizabeth - Rockingham Co
     1830 census - Hampshire Co p. 5 Daniel 010020001 01121001
                     1m, 1f 5-10         1820-25 David & Sally 1823
                     1f 10-15              1815-20 Susanna 1816
                     2f 15-20              1810-15 Margaret 1814, Elizabeth 1812
                     2m, 1f 20-30       1800-10 John 1809, Michael 1804, Magdalena 1810
                     1f 50-60              1770-80 Elizabeth 1781
                     1m 60-70             1760-70 Daniel 1768
             missing Christina 1793 m Abraham Miller, Samuel 1794, Emanuel 1796, Daniel 1798, Anna 1799, Solomon 1801, Catharine 1803 m Michael Wine, Lydia 1806
     1840 census - Hampshire Co p. 200 - Daniel 0001010001 00010001
                    1m, 1f 15-20      1820-25 David & Sally 1823
                    1m 30-40           1800-10
                    1f 50-60             1780-90 Elizabeth 1781
                    1m 70-80           1760-70 Daniel 1768
     1849 June 16 - died

Will written 25 May 1846, probated on 14 September 1849 in Hampshire County, Virginia.
Daniel Arnold will - 25 May 1848 - 24 Sep 1849
wife Elizabeth
sons Solomon, Samuel (has 4 surviving children), Emanuel, Daniel, Michael, John
s/law Benjamin Leatherman
daus Christana Miller, Ann Smoote, Catherine Wine, Lydia Carrey (ch Michael & Catherine Carrey), Elizabeth Arnold, Magdalene Sloan, Susan Flanigan husband Daniel, [wife of Benjamin Leatherman]
nm Benjamin Arnold, Nicholas Bizer
ex nephew Peter Arnold
sec Solomon and Zachariah Arnold
wit Thomas Clarkson, Nicholas Biser, Jacob Biser

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, the Rev Daniel, son of Samuel and Abigail Arnold, was born in 1768 and died on 16 June 1849. He married (1) Elizabeth Thomas in 1792. She was born on 4 March 1774 and died on 5 July 1820. (2) Elizabeth Wine, born in May 1761 and died on 13 Oct 1853. He was buried in the Beaver Run cemetery.

wife Elizabeth
1850 Va Hampshire Dist 24 p. 254
          1538-1538 Benj S Leatherman 31 / Sarah 27 / Daniel 5 / John 3
                            Elizabeth Arnold 70
1860 Va Hampshire Sheetz’s Mill p. 218 (41)
          6-6 Benjamin S Leatherman 41 / Sarah 31 / Daniel R 15 / John W 13 / Elizabeth 9
                 Elizabeth Arnold 79 / Josie Leatherman 19
1873 Oct 5 - died (Bittinger)

Children of Daniel and Elizabeth Thomas
Most of these people are not good candidates for the father of my Daniel. They are mostly too young themselves, or they are living in the wrong places (Daniel b 1812-15, Virginia). The two possibilities - Emanuel and Daniel - are not very likely.
1. Christina 1793 Nov 2 - 1873 Apr 11 Augusta Co, VA
         m 10 May 1814 Abraham Miller
              ch Daniel, Anna, Emanuel, John, Susanna, Joseph, Elizabeth, Catherine, Solomon, David, Samuel
2. Samuel 1794 - d bet 1847- 1850?
          m Tressy?
                 Samuel Arnold 1794 MD Tressa ??? 1815 VA
     1850 Hampshire p. 203 - 867-867 - Tressy Arnold 35
                                                              David 10 / Ann R 7 / Sarah E 3
     Samuel was apparently deceased by the time his father’s will was written - at that time (May 1848) he had 4 surviving children.
3. Emanuel Miller 1796 Apr 9 - 1862 Sep 20 in Tennessee
     Emmanuel supposedly had a son Daniel, and Emmanuel had an unknown son before 1820 in Virginia - but that son disappears by the 1830 census. So????
                    m Martha Magdalena "Margaret" Garber
                    ch Daniel, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Anne, Susannah, Solomon, Mary Catherine
     1820 Hampshire p. 254 Emanuel 100100 00100
                  1m under 10      1810-20         unknown male A
                  1m, 1f 16-26      1794-1804
     1830 Va Hardy p. 74 Emanuel 100001 210101
                    1m, 2f 0-5     1825-30     Unknown male B, Ann 1828, Susannah 1830
                    1f 5-10          1820-25     unknown female a
                    1f 15-20        1810-15 this could be unknown male A - mistake in census?
                    1m, 1f 30-40  1790-1800
     1840 TN Washington p. 241 - Immanuel 0102001 1121001
                     1f 0-5               1835-40     Catherine 1837
                     1m, 1f 5-10      1830-35      Solomon 1837, Susannah 1830
                     2f 10-15           1825-30      Ann 1828, unknown female a
                     2m, 1f 15-20    1820-25
                    1m, 1f 40-50    1790-1800
     1850 TN Washington Sub 4 p. 252
                    2099-2143 Emanuel Arnold 53 Va / Magdaline 52
                                       Ann 22 / Susannah 20 / Solomon 17 / Catherine 13
                                      John Fisher 20 laborer
     1860 Tn Washington Dist 3 p. 150
                 279-279 Emanuel Arnold 66 Va / Catherine 36?
                 280-280 Solomon Arnold 26 . . .
     1862 - died
4. Daniel 1798 June 13 - 1857 Sep 14
Bittinger says "is said by Baker to have moved to Montgomery County, Ohio" (p 175)
Nothing much is known about this Daniel, so anything is possible - BUT he does not have a son listed with him on the 1820 census - and since my Daniel was possibly born as early as 1812, he is a little bit young anyway. So????
     1820 Hampshire p. 272 (squeezed in) -another Daniel 000100 00100
                   (Same page as Daniel sr)
     1830 - not found
     1840 - not found
     1850 - not found
     1857 - died
5. Anna 1799 Aug 2
            m Smoote
6. Solomon 1801 Apr 26 -1851 Nov 11
            m 17 Jan 1838 Susanna Wine
     1840 Hampshire p 200 Solomon 000001 10001
                   (Same page as Daniel, Sarah & Benjamin)
     1850 Hampshire p. 177 - Solomon Arnold 49 farmer 2K
                 Susanna 38 / Mary 10 / Samuel 9 / Daniel 7 / Benjamin 5 / John 4 / Margaret 2
     1851 - died

Guardian Bonds 1850-60
Know all men by these presents that we (1) Zachariah Arnold & Peter
are held firmly bound unto the Commonwealth of Va in the just and full sum of (2)$5000 to be paid to the said Commonwealth, for the payment whereof, well & truly to be made, we bind ourselves 23 Feb 1852 the above bound (4) Zachariah
guardians of (orphans) (5) Mary, Samuel, Daniel, Benjamin, John, Margaret, Elizabeth of deceased (6) Solomon

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, Solomon, son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Thomas) Arnold, was born on 26 Apr 1801 and died on 11 Nov 1851. He married Susan Wine of Rockingham County, Virginia. After his death, his orphan children were bound out to Zachariah Arnold (bond signed by Peter Arnold on 23 Feb 1852). The children named in the orphans bond book in the Hampshire County courthouse were: Mary, Samuel, Daniel, Benjamin, Margaret, John and Elizabeth Arnold.

7. Catharine 1803 Mar 19 - 1881 Feb 11 Rockingham Co, VA
             m Michael Wine
                  ch Catherine, Anne
8. Michael 1804 Dec 17 -1873
           1825 Feb 16 Michael Arnold to Sarah Sloan
           1830 Hampshire p. 5 Michael 100134 00002030102
                    There are a lot of older people on this census - his brothers???
                     1m under 5      1825-30
                     1m 15-20         1810-15
                     3m, 2 f 20-30   1800-10
                     4m 30-40         1790-1800
                     3 f 40-50          1780-90
                     1 f 60-70          1760-70
                     2 f 80-90          1740-50
          1840
          1850
          1860
          1870
          1873 - died, Philadelphia

Historical records of old Frederick and Hampshire Counties, Virgina / by Wilmer Kerns. [Cullman, AL (P.O. Box 1045, Cullman 35055) : Gregath Co., 1988.]
Genealogical Records
Arnold, Michael, aged 74 (sic), son of the Rev Daniel and Elizabeth (Thomas) Arnold of Hampshire County, died 19 May 1873 in Philadelphia, according to the May 30, 1873 issue of the South Branch Intelligencer. His birthdate was17 Dec 1804. Michael married Sarah Sloan, and he served as a lawyer and Judge in Philadelphia, Penn.

The only Michael Arnold (of the right age) I can find on the censuses is a hotel-keeper in Philadelphia, married to an Eliza:
1850 PA Philadelphia Spring Garden wd 4 p. 82
         518-534 Michael Arnold 43 innkeeper VA / Eliza 38 NJ
                        / Eliza 20 PA / Martha 17 / Michael 10 / Thomas 7
 1860 PA Philadelphia wd 21 Leverington 827
        278-289 Michael Arnold 55 hotelkeeper VA / Eliza H 50 NJ
                       / Michael 19 clerk PA / Thomas K 16 / Elizabeth A Coughlin
                       Then workers
1870 PA Philadelphia listed twice
     wd 15, dist 43, PO 1828 Olive St, p. 392 PO 731 West St, p. 473
        1241-1538 Arnold, Michael 65 retired hotelkeeper Va 1915 Arnold, M 65 Va
                             Eliza 60 NJ/ Thomas 25 store clerk PA Eliza 60 NJ / Thomas K 26
                             Elizth Cochlin 32 at home PA Coughlin, EK 32
                             Martha Hall 13 at school Hall, Martha 12
                             Margt Johnson 20 black domestic VA

9. Lydia 1806 Aug 23 - bef 1846
           m Unknown Carney/Carrey
                 ch Michael, Catherine (mentioned in Daniel’s will)
             Bittinger says she married "an Overman of Pennsylvania" (175)
10. John 1809 Msy 16 -1886 Dec 30
     1810 = 1 - with parents
     1820 = 11 - with parents
     1830 = 21 - with parents
     1840 = 31
     18xx - married Nancy Clark (1827-1904)
     1850 Va Hampshire Dist 24 p. 243
                  1389-1389 John Arnold 41 Va / Nancy 23
     1860 Va Hampshire W Dist p. 32
                 9-9 John Arnold of D 52 / Nancy 32 / Thomas D 8 / David C 6 / Christiana C 2
     1870 WV Mineral Cabin Run 592
               111-111 Arnold, John 62 / Nancy 40 / Thos D 18 / David C 17 / Christina 11
                                  Sarah E 8 / Mary B 5 / Ida J 1
     1880 WV Mineral Cabin Run SD1 ED31 sh11c (99)
                  99- Arnold, John 71 / Nancy 53 / Thomas 28 / Christina 21 / Sarah C 17 / Mar B 15
                                Ida J 11 / Nancy V 9
     1886 - died
11. Magdalena 1810 Nov 10 -1886
     1826 - married James Sloan
                   1826 Jan 24 James Sloan to Mary Arnold
     1830
     1840
     1850 Va Hampshire, Dist 24 p. 126 (201)
              843-843 John Sloan 59 PA / George 55 Va / Thomas 54 Va / Richard 40 Va
                            James Sloan 38 / Magdaline 39 / Elizabeth 12 / Sarah 10 / Mary 8
                                   John 6 / Harriet 4 / James & Margaret, twins 2 / Charlotte 21 OH
                          Charlotte Arnold 21 VA // Richard Sloan 20 // Plum Everett 36 male NJ
                          Ann Heard 33 Va // James Corbin 14 VA
     1860 Va Hampshire, W Dist, Ridgeville 175
             2-2 George Sloan 66 / Thomas 64 / Richard 51
                     James 48 / Magdelaine 49 / Sarah 20 / Mary 18 / John 16 / Harriet 14
                    James & Magdalena 12 / Hannah P 9 // Thomas Blackburn 26 / John L Haus 22
12. Elizabeth 1812 Sep 3 - 1893
         m ~1832 - Zachariah Arnold, s/o Zachariah & Abigail Miller Arnold
     1830 census - Hampshire Co, VA, p. 5 Abigail 000031 000010001
             3m, 1f 20-30      1800-10      Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805, Benjamin 1807
                                                          Unknown female 1800-10
             1m 30-40           1790-00      Peter 1795
             1f 60-70             1760-1770    Abigail 1770
     1840 Hampshire p. 193 - Samuel Zachariah 1000021 1100200001
          I think this actually means Samuel AND Zachariah
          1m, 1f under 5      1835-40          S’s dau Eliza, Z’s son Daniel, both 1838
           1f 5-10                 1830-35          Z’s dau Harriet 1833
           2f 20-30               1810-20          Sam’s wife Nancy 1816, Z’s wife Elizabeth 1812
           2m 30-40             1800-10          Samuel 1802, Zachariah 1805
           1m 40-50             1790-1800      Peter 1795
           1f 70-80               1760-70          mother Abigail 1770?
     1850 Va Hampshire 933 - Zachariah Arnold 45 farmer Va 6K
               Elizabeth 38
               Harriet 17 / Daniel 12 / Mary J 7 / John 3
              Abigail 81 / Peter 55
     1860 Va Hampshire 188
          3-3 Zachariah Arnold 55 / Elizabeth 48 / Mary 17 / John W 13
                    Isaac 7 / Daniel 22 / Sarah 27
          4-4 Peter Arnold 62
                Isaac Ludwick 27 / Harriet 27 / Catherine 2 / Simon P 1
     1870 WVa Mineral Mill Creek 621
            Zachariah Arnold 63 / Elisabeth 58 / John W 22
            Harriet Ludwick 36 / Elisabeth C Ludwick 11
            Peter Arnold 74
     1880 WV Hampshire Mill Creek SD1 ED28 sh 14b
              118-122 Arnold, Zachariah 75 Va Md MD / Elizabeth 68 Va Md Md
              118-123 Arnold, William 33 / Harriet wife 27 - both Va Va Va
                             Cheshire, Joseph 22 works on farm
     1887 Nov 26 - Zachariah died
     1893 Nov 28 - Elizabeth died
13. Margaret 1814 Mar 30- 1854
          not mentioned in father’s will?????
          Bittinger says she married Benjamin Arnold
14. Susanna 1816 June 3
          1840 Jan 7 Dan Flenagan to Susan Arnold
Children of Daniel Arnold and Elizabeth Wine
15 Sally 1823 July 23
          - m cousin Benjamin Leatherman
     1850 Va Hampshire Dist 24 p. 254
               1538-1538 Benj S Leatherman 31 / Sarah 27 / Daniel 5 / John 3
                                 Elizabeth Arnold 70
     1860 Va Hampshire Sheetz’s Mill p. 218 (41)
               6-6 Benjamin S Leatherman 41 / Sarah 31 / Daniel R 15 / John W 13 / Elizabeth 9
                     Elizabeth Arnold 79 / Josie Leatherman 19
16 David 1824 Aug 3
         - m Catherine Leatherman

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Page last updated 8 July 2011